In the first three to four weeks of life, feeding kittens. care of their mother. After this, the kids continue to eat milk, but it is not enough for them to develop correctly, grow healthy and strong. Now the cubs need to be gradually fed. start to accustom to adult food.
From the age of one month, kittens should always have access to fresh clean water. The bowl with it should be at some distance from the place where the animals eat. The material for drinking utensils is porcelain or metal, in no case plastic. Some experts recommend putting several bowls of water throughout the apartment. Also a good solution would be a special drinking fountain.
Serious kitten eating habits should be taken seriously. Basic rules for feeding kittens:
- You can give only one new product in one day. This will allow you to track the reaction of the cubs to different foods and timely remove from the diet food that is not suitable for a particular animal.
- In no case give minced meat (any), since the cat’s digestive system does not absorb it.
- First give beef, and only when kittens learn to chew – chicken or turkey.
- The animal is trained to dry food gradually, at first strongly breeding it with water.
- Together with the beginning of feeding, it is necessary to give kittens vitamins for the appropriate age.
It is necessary to start feeding kittens from the age of three to four weeks. However, they should still receive breast milk or a substitute for it. Kittens must be fed up to six times a day, every three to four hours. The portions should be small, and the food should be warm and softened, because the kids still do not know how to chew.
If the kitten will continue to eat dry food, then they need to be fed specifically. It is necessary to choose a special food – for very small kittens and taking into account the breed. First, the food should be soaked in warm water and spread to the kittens across the sky. In the future, put in front of them bowls with soaked food. Repeat smearing is until the kittens understand what you want from them. As soon as they begin to eat from the bowl themselves, you need to gradually, day after day, reduce the amount of water in the feed. By two months it is already possible to give food without soaking it.
The diet of a monthly kitten eating natural food is conveniently compiled according to the table.
First, a kitten is taught to eat meat. To do this, take a very small piece and put the cub in the mouth. The first day is enough to do it once, the next. two. Continue this way until the young learn to chew on their own. After this, you can gradually increase the number of feedings and give out larger pieces of meat.
If the kitten does not want to chew, you can try to feed him baby food. Spread mashed potatoes in the sky for him, and then put him in a bowl. When the cub begins to eat on its own, slowly mix the grated meat with the usual food, and completely replace the puree for several days.
Then every day you need to introduce into the diet of kittens one new product from the table above. Instead of oatmeal, you can sometimes give rice or buckwheat. When the kittens are accustomed to eating all of the above, for one feeding they need to give the following set of products (mixing all):
- meat or fish – the basis of a cat’s diet;
- porridge or cottage cheese – a third of the amount of meat;
- vegetables and greens – just a little bit.
Once or twice a week, a little cheese or yolk can be added to this mixture.
By two months, offal (liver, lungs, heart, kidneys) can be gradually added to the kitten’s diet. They can be given only in boiled form. The frequency of feeds remains unchanged, but servings need to be increased. At three months, you can feed the kitten less often, four to five times a day.
By the age of four months, the kitten should already be eating the same food that adult animals eat, only in smaller quantities. Now the baby has enough feedings three times a day. By this time, milk from the diet should be completely excluded, since the body of an adult cat does not absorb it. Instead, you can give the baby cream and unsweetened sour-milk products. yogurt or yogurt.
Maine Coon kittens differ from all the rest in large sizes. Accordingly, the young beast needs more food. Two-month Maine Coon per day should eat about one hundred and thirty grams of meat or fish, up to forty grams of vegetables, the same amount of dairy or sour-milk products, about fifteen grams of cereal. For all other breeds, this is the norm for an adult cat!
Also specifically for Maine Coon, some breeders recommend adding a little salt to the food on the tip of a teaspoon. This is a controversial idea, and it is better not to risk the health of the pet. Before including any supplements or vitamin complexes in the kitten’s diet, you should consult your veterinarian.
Canadian sphynx kittens (as well as other representatives of this breed group) have an increased risk of getting diseases of the cardiovascular system. Therefore, they can only be given dietary meat: turkey or chicken, rabbit meat, and beef, but not pork, will do. The latter should not be given to any cats, let alone sphinxes. To start feeding, fat-free veal – raw or boiled, is suitable.
It is necessary to feed the sphinx kitten a little more often than an ordinary cat. Veterinarians recommend six to eight meals for up to two months, four meals for up to five months. From six months you can feed the sphinx three times a day, and from nine months to accustom to two meals a day.
3. British and Scottish kittens.
Kittens of the British and Scots are forbidden to give low-fat dairy products. But too fat is also banned. Perfect option. 2-4% fat.
It is only possible to accustom kittens of these breeds to dry food after two months, before that. feed with natural food. To switch to food, you need to gradually add it to your usual food, increasing the amount of food every day and decreasing it. all the rest.